The law transposing the WEEE Directive in France makes manufacturers fully responsible for the financing of the system. They must pay a fee to three rival collection and recycling schemes which are responsible for the volumes of WEEE generated in specific administrative regions or “départements”. The amount of this fee depends on the producers’ market share of the respective category of EEE. To safeguard the financing of the collection and recycling activities, this fee must be paid three months in advance. The manufacturers take these costs into account when calculating their prices so that the costs can be passed on to the vendors and, ultimately, to the private consumers. Consumers are able to see the amount of the recycling charge as it is printed on the price tag attached to the appliance – a system that leads to high levels of transparency.
In France, the burden has been clearly placed on the manufacturers to implement the WEEE Directive
Flexible solutions for the collection centres: they can use an IT system to ask the take-back schemes to pick up small volumes of WEEE
Several different ways have been set up in France to enable waste electrical and electronic equipment to be recovered.
Every manufacturer is obliged to take back waste electrical equipment, the actual amount of which depends on the volume of appliances they place on the market. All three take-back schemes must pick up all categories of WEEE. Information about the market shares – determined by the actual volumes sold and the system cooperation agreements – is passed on to the OCAD3E clearing house. The OCAD3E concludes contracts with the regional authorities, contacts the municipal collection centres and records the amounts of electrical equipment handed in. The volumes of WEEE that the individual players are obliged to take back are determined according to their different market shares.
Since November 2008, the logistics system has been divided up into two organisational parts: the collection centres and the “places des regroupement”
The operators of the take-back schemes commission logistics firms to pick up the waste electrical and electronic equipment handed in to the collection points. These contracts are awarded as a result of international tenders and are concluded for a period of two years, with the option to extend the contract for a further year.
One precondition for being awarded a contract: the logistics firm must be able to cover absolutely all regions (départements) in France